The awareness of gluten's negative health effects has increased in recent years
A 2013 survey showed that America's population is trying to remove gluten from its daily diet.
Here are 6 reasons why gluten is harmful to some people.
1. Celiac disease is becoming more common and most people who are sick have not been discovered
Gluten is a mixture the protein found in some cereals, including wheat, rye, barley rice.
Gluten consists of two proteins, gliadin and glutenin. Gliadin is the type that people have negative reactions.
When mixing flour with water, gluten forms a sticky, cross-linked protein net, making the dough blend resilient and make the bread hatch when baked .
In fact, the name glu The ten is derived from glue-like properties ( glue ) Its this.
When gluten enters the gastrointestinal tract and comes into contact with immune system cells, they mistakenly assume that it is an intruder from the outside, like bacteria.
In some people, there is sensitivity to gluten, which causes the immune system to begin attack it again.
With celiac disease (the most severe form of gluten sensitivity), the immune system attacks gluten protein, but at the same time it also attacks the intracellular enzyme of the gastrointestinal tract called
Therefore, exposure to gluten in celiac disease causes the immune system to attack again both gluten as well as the intestinal wall. For this reason, celiac disease is classified as an autoimmune disease.
An immune reaction can cause intestinal degeneration, resulting in nutrient deficiency, digestive problems, anemia, fatigue, poor body growth and increased risk of many other serious diseases. .
Celiac disease is thought to occur in about 1% of the population, but it may be more common (about 2%) in the elderly . There are also studies that suggest that the rate of celiac disease is increasing rapidly .
Remember that many people with celiac even have no symptoms in the abdomen, making clinical diagnosis very difficult.
Symptoms may manifest in different ways, such as fatigue or anemia ... Or worse, there may be a double risk of death in some studies .
According to a study, more than 80% People with celiac disease do not know if they have the disease .
Crux: Celiac disease is affecting 1% of the population, but this rate is increasing. 80% of people with celiac disease are not aware of it.
2. Susceptibility to gluten is becoming more and more serious and can cause serious consequences
You don't need to have all the obvious signs of celiac disease to realize you have a reaction to gluten.
There is another form of disorder that is sensitive to gluten (or gluten intolerance) more often.
Although there is no clear definition of gluten sensitivity, it basically means that there is some kind of adverse reaction to gluten and these symptoms improve when diets are not available. gluten.
If you have adverse reactions to gluten, but not because of celiac disease, you have gluten sensitivity. Not related to celiac disease .
With gluten sensitivity not associated with celiac disease, there is no attack on the body's tissue. However, many symptoms occur similar to celiac disease, such as bloating, stomach pain, fatigue, diarrhea, as well as bone and joint pain.
Unfortunately, there is no specific way to diagnose gluten sensitivity so it is impossible to find reliable data about its.
There are two sources of information showing that about 6-8% of people may be susceptible to gluten, based on gliadin antibodies found in the blood .
However, an gastroenterologist found that about 11% of people had antibodies against their blood gluten and about 29% had antibodies against it in stool samples .
About 40% of people carry HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 genes, making them susceptible to gluten .
Because there is no clear concept of gluten sensitivity, there is no good way to diagnose it, so it should work only to know if you are temporarily removing gluten from your diet, then reviewing your symptoms to get a proper way to eat.
Crux: Hypersensitivity to gluten is more common than celiac disease, and it also leads to many adverse effects. However, there is no specific way to diagnose this.
3. Gluten can cause harmful effects even in people who are not sensitive to gluten
Also there It is thought that individuals who do not have celiac disease or are sensitive to gluten have an adverse reaction to gluten.
In one of these studies, 34 individuals with irritable bowel syndrome were randomly assigned to two groups using a gluten-free or gluten-free diet.
Group eating gluten containing abdominal pain, flatulence, feces are not the same and tired compared to other groups .
There are also studies that suggest that gluten may cause intestinal inflammation and intestinal degeneration .
Gluten can also have a negative effect on the intestinal barrier function, allowing unwanted substances to "leak" through the bloodstream .
However, according to one study, this "leak" only occurs in patients with celiac disease .
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) involves various digestive problems with an unclear cause, affecting about 14% of the US population. According to the above studies, some cases of IBS can be aggravated by gluten .
Although this needs more research, it seems very clear that many celiac patients have adverse reactions to gluten .
Crux: Some studies show that people (especially patients with IBS) who are not diagnosed with gluten sensitivity may still have an adverse reaction to gluten.
4. Many brain disorders related to gluten and patients find significant improvements to gluten-free diets
Although gluten is primarily active and affects the intestine, it can also seriously affect the brain.
Many cases of neuropathy can be caused and aggravated by gluten consumption. This is called
In a study of patients with unexplained neuropathy, 30 of 53 patients (57%) had antibodies against blood gluten .
The main neurological disorders that are thought to be at least partly caused by gluten are testimony a serious brain disease that is not related to balance coordination, movement, communication problems, etc.
It is now thought that many cases of insomnia are directly related to gluten consumption. This is known as gluten ataxia and involves cerebellar lesions, an important part of the brain to control the body .
Many studies show a strong statistical relationship between gluten consumption, gluten sensitivity, and cerebellar insomnia . There was also a control test that showed that insomnia patients improved significantly thanks to a gluten-free diet .
There are several other brain disorders that also work well with gluten-free diets:
- Schizophrenia: One schizophrenic patients have made significant improvements by removing gluten from meals .
- Autism: Some studies show that people with autism have made good progress with a gluten-free diet .
- Epileptic: There are many reports of epilepsy patients who have significantly improved their gluten removal .
If you have any neurological problems and your doctor knows nothing about the cause of them, you should consider removing gluten from your diet.
Crux: Some brain disorders have positive results when combined with a gluten-free diet, including autism, schizophrenia, and a rare form of epilepsy.
5. Wheat gluten can be addictive
Many people believe that eating wheat can be addictive.
It is very common to crave things like bread or donuts.
Although this is still long time Recently confirmed, there are some studies showing that gluten is addictive.
When gluten decays in vitro, formed peptides can activate opioid receptors .
The peptides (small proteins) are called gluten exorphin.
Exorphin = peptides are not formed in the body, which can activate opioid receptors in the brain.
Because gluten can increase intestinal permeability (at least in celiac patients), some people believe that exophine can find its way into the blood, then to the brain and cause addiction.
Exorphin gluten is found in the blood of celiac patients.
There is also some evidence from animal studies that opioid-like peptides derived from gluten will enter the brain .
Among Food addiction is known to be one of the most addictive foods (soon after Street ).
Although this does not say anything, it is also what we need to remember.
Crux: Many people believe that they have terrible cravings for wheat and there is some evidence of gluten that has the same effect as opioids. However this is definitely not proof, and most are speculative at this time.
6. Gluten is associated with autoimmune disease
Autoimmune disease is caused by the immune system attacking the natural things in the body.
There are many types of autoimmune diseases that affect different organ systems.
All of these autoimmune diseases affect about 3% of the population .
Celiac disease is one of the autoimmune diseases and celiac patients have an increased risk of autoimmune diseases .
Many studies have found a strong statistical relationship between celiac disease and other autoimmune diseases, including inflammation type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis and many other diseases .
In addition, Celiac disease is linked to a number of other serious illnesses, many of which are not related to digestion.