Mulberry is the fruit of the mulberry tree (scientific name is Morus ), have surname with figs and fruits.
Mulberry trees are usually grown mainly in Asia and North America to get leaves because they are the only food source to feed .
Due to its sweet taste, impressive nutritional value and a lot of health benefits, mulberry is increasingly gaining worldwide attention .
Chinese herbal medicine has used mulberry trees for thousands of years to treat diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, anemia and arthritis .
Mulberry is often used to make wine, juice, tea, jam or canned food, but can also be dried and used as a snack.
This is mulberry often found:
There are 24 species of mulberry, among which there are many different varieties. The most common varieties are black, white, and red.
There may be significant differences in the color and antioxidant properties of different species .
Leaves, bark and other parts of the mulberry plant have also been used in medicine using Chinese herbs.
Fresh mulberry contains 88% water and only 60 calories per cup (140 grams).
By weight in fresh fruit, they contain 9.4% carb, 1.7% fiber, 1.4% the protein and 0.4% fat.
Mulberry is often consumed in dry form, similar to raisins.
When dry, they contain 70% carb, 14% fiber, 12% protein and 3% fat. It can be seen that the amount of protein is quite high, at least compared to most berries.
The table below contains information about all the nutrients in mulberry fruit :
|The protein||1.4 g|
|Unsaturated single||0.04 g|
|Vitamin A||1 µg||0%|
|Vitamin C||36.4 mg||40%|
|Vitamin D||0 µg||~|
|Vitamin E||0.87 mg||6%|
|Vitamin K||7.8 µg||7%|
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)||0.03 mg||2%|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||0.1 mg||8%|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||0.62 mg||4%|
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)||~||~|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)||0.05 mg||4%|
|Vitamin B12||0 µg||~|
Fresh mulberry contains 9.8% carbohydrates , or 14 grams per cup.
The carbohydrates are mainly simple sugars, such as glucose and fructose But they also contain part of starch and fiber.
Mulberry is a rich source of fiber, corresponding to 1.7% of fresh fruit weight.
These fibers are soluble (25%) in pectin form, and insoluble (75%) in lignin form .
Fiber helps us maintain a healthy digestive system, lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of many diseases .
Summary: Fresh mulberry contains about 10% carb in the form of soluble and insoluble fiber, starch and simple sugars.
Vitamins and minerals
Mulberry is an excellent source of vitamin C and iron, and is a source of many other vitamins and minerals. The most available components are listed below.
- Vitamin C: An essential vitamin important for skin health and various functions in the body .
- Iron: Important minerals have many functions, such as oxygen transport in the body.
- Vitamin K1: Also known as phylloquinone, vitamin K is important for blood clotting and bone health .
- Potassium: Essential minerals can lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease .
- Vitamin E: Antioxidants prevent oxidative damage .
Summary: Mulberry is rich in iron and vitamin C, and is rich in vitamin K, potassium and vitamin E.
Other plant compounds
Mulberry has many plant compounds, like contribute to their color and health benefits .
The most abundant substances are listed below.
- Anthocyanin: A group of antioxidants can inhibit oxidation of LDL cholesterol and have a beneficial effect on heart disease .
- Cyanidin: The main anthocyanin (in organic color compounds) in mulberry, makes them colors (black, red, purple) .
- Chlorogenic acid: An antioxidant has a lot in fruits and vegetables.
- Rutin: A powerful antioxidant that helps protect against chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes and heart disease .
- Myricetin: A compound may have a protective effect against some cancers .
Even the same species may contain a variety of plant compounds, with different antioxidant colors and properties .
Ripe dark mulberry is rich in plant compounds and has higher antioxidant capacity than unripe fruit and has not changed color .
Summary: Mulberry contains several plant compounds, such as anthocyanin, cyanidin, chlorogenic, rutin and myricetin acids. Dark and ripe fruits contain more of these compounds.
Health benefits of mulberry
Mulberry or mulberry extract may be beneficial for some chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer .
Cholesterol is an important fat molecule present in every cell in the body. However, increased blood cholesterol is also associated with an increased risk of heart disease.
Animal studies show that mulberry and mulberry extract can reduce excess fat and lower cholesterol. They can also improve LDL ("bad") cholesterol and HDL ("good") cholesterol .
Some in vitro tests have also shown that they reduce the formation of fat in the liver, potentially preventing fatty liver disease .
Improve blood sugar control
Diabetes is sensitive to rapid changes blood sugar, and need to be careful when eating carb.
Mulberry contains a compound called DNJ (1-deoxynojirimycin), which inhibits an enzyme in the intestine that breaks down carbohydrates.
Therefore, DNJ is considered beneficial for diabetes, slowing the rise in blood sugar after meals .
Reduce the risk of cancer
Increased stress in the body is shown to cause oxidative damage in cells and tissues, and is associated with increased risk of cancer .
For hundreds of years, mulberry has been used as a remedy against cancer in traditional Chinese medicine.
Some researchers now believe that these cancer prevention effects can be scientifically based .
Animal studies show that antioxidants in mulberry juice can reduce oxidative imbalance, reduce the risk of cancer .
Summary: Mulberry can reduce cholesterol levels, help prevent fatty liver disease and improve blood sugar control. They also reduce oxidative imbalance, which can reduce the risk of some cancers.
Side effects and isolated cases
Mulberry allergy is rare, but mulberry pollen has been reported to cause allergies in sensitive people.
Individuals sensitive to birch pollen can also react to mulberry, which is the result of cross-reactivity .
Summary: Mulberry allergy is rare, but individuals sensitive to birch pollen may have an allergic reaction to mulberry.
Mulberries are colorful berries used in fresh and dried forms.
They are good sources of iron, vitamin C and some good plant compounds, and are associated with low cholesterol, lowering blood sugar and reducing the risk of cancer.
These berries have also been used in Chinese herbal medicine for thousands of years to treat various diseases.
Mulberry is sweet and delicious, full of nutrients and has many health benefits. These are all characteristics of a food suitable for a healthy diet.