Known for its scientific name Citrus limon , lemon is one of the most popular citrus fruits in the world.
They grow on lemon trees, which are grafted plants between saddle and citrus trees.
There are many ways to enjoy a lemon, but they are very sour and often not eaten as fruit.
Instead, they are cut into small pieces like decoration for meals, and juice is often used to create sour taste. They are also an important ingredient in sugar lemonade.
Lemon is a source of vitamin C and fiber, containing many plant compounds, minerals and essential oils.
Eating lemon may help reduce the risk of heart disease, cancer and kidney stones.
This is a lemon often seen:
Lemon contains very little fat and the protein . They contain mainly carbohydrates (10%) and water (88-89%).
A medium sized lemon contains only about 20 calories.
The table below contains information about all the nutrients in the lemon .
Fresh lemon without shells
|The protein||1.1 g|
|Unsaturated single||0.01 g|
|Vitamin A||1 µg||0%|
|Vitamin C||53 mg||59%|
|Vitamin D||0 µg||~|
|Vitamin E||0.15 mg||first%|
|Vitamin K||0 µg||~|
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)||0.04 mg||3%|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||0.02 mg||2%|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||0.1 mg||first%|
|Vitamin B5 (Acid panthothenic)||0.19 mg||4%|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)||0.08 mg||6%|
|Vitamin B12||0 µg||~|
Carbohydrates In lemon, mainly fiber and simple sugars like glucose, fructose and sucrose .
The fiber in lemon is pectin.
Soluble fiber like pectin can reduce blood sugar by slowing down the digestion of sugar and starch .
Dietary fiber is an important part of a healthy diet, and involves many health benefits .
Summary: Lemon contains about 10% carb, mainly including soluble fiber and simple sugar.
Vitamins and minerals
Lemon has many vitamins and minerals.
- Vitamin C: Is an essential vitamin and antioxidant. It plays an important role in immune function and skin health .
- Potassium: A high potassium diet can lower blood pressure and have a positive effect on cardiovascular health .
- Vitamin B6: A group of involved vitamins converts food into energy.
Summary: Lemon is rich in vitamin C, and also contains lots of potassium and vitamin B6.
Other plant compounds
Plant compounds are naturally bioactive substances in plants, some of which are beneficial to health.
Plant compounds in lemon and other citrus fruits may have a positive effect on cancer, cardiovascular disease and inflammation .
These are the main plant compounds found in lemon:
- Citric acid: The most abundant organic acid in lemon, and can help prevent kidney stone formation.
- Hesperidin: Antioxidants can help strengthen blood vessels and prevent atherosclerosis .
- Diosmin: Antioxidants used in some drugs affect the circulatory system. It improves vascular muscles and reduces chronic inflammation in blood vessels .
- Eriocitrin: An antioxidant found in shells and lemon juice .
- D-Limonene: Found mainly in lemon peel. This is the main ingredient of lemon essential oil and creates a distinct smell of lemon. When separated, it may help relieve heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux .
Many plant compounds in lemon juice are not found in lemon juice, so eat whole fruits to get the maximum benefit .
Summary: Lemon contains plant compounds that provide many different health benefits. These include citric acid, hesperidin, diosmin, eriocitrin and d-limonen.
Health benefits of lemon
Citrus fruits, including lemons, bring many health benefits.
This is because vitamins and fiber as well as their powerful plant compounds .
Cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and strokes, is the most common cause of death in the world.
Eat fruits high in vitamin C related to cardiovascular disease reduction .
Low levels of vitamin C in the blood are also associated with an increased risk of stroke , especially in overweight people or high blood pressure .
Absorption of isolated fibers from citrus has shown a reduction in blood cholesterol levels, and essential oils in lemons can protect LDL cholesterol particles from oxidation .
Recent studies in mice show that plant compounds hesperidin and diosmin may have beneficial effects on some of the major risk factors for heart disease .
Prevent kidney stones
Citric acid in lemons may increase urine, which may help prevent kidney stone formation .
Some studies have shown that lemon juice and lemon juice may be effective in preventing kidney stones , but other studies have found no effect .
Common anemia is iron, and is most common in premenopausal women.
Lemon contains a small amount of iron, but they are a source of vitamin C and excellent citric acid can increase iron absorption from other foods .
Because lemons can increase iron absorption from food, they can help prevent anemia.
Lemon may help reduce the risk of many types of cancer, including breast cancer. This is mainly due to plant compounds like hesperidin and d-limonene .
Summary: Lemon may reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer, help protect against anemia and prevent the formation of kidney stones.
Many people Drink lemonade hot or cold several times a day.
The recipe is usually fresh juice from 1/2 - 1 lemon in a glass of water.
Drinking lemon juice squeezed may have some health benefits.
Lemon juice is a rich source of vitamin C and plant compounds, which can enhance immune function , protection against various diseases and increase iron absorption .
Citric acid in lemon reduces the risk of kidney stones by diluting and increasing the amount of urine .
Based on the fact of lemon flesh, pectin in the flesh can enhance satiety and feed friendly bacteria in the intestine, help strengthen health and reduce the risk of disease .
Another great thing is the smell of lemons derived from essential oils can reduce stress and improve mood .
Lemon juice also has similar health benefits, except for extra sugar additive . Additive sugar can be very harmful when consumed excessively.
Summary: Drinking lemon juice can reduce stress, enhance immune function, help prevent anemia, reduce the risk of kidney stones and help protect against some diseases.
Lemon is an effective cleaning product because they are capable of decomposing fat , as well as fresh aroma.
Lemon is generally well tolerated, but citrus fruits can cause allergies in a few people .
They can also cause allergies and skin irritation in people with dermatitis .
Lemon is acidic, so eating them regularly can be harmful to dental health in case of tooth enamel damage .
Summary: Lemon is generally well tolerated, but may cause allergy or skin irritation in some people. Large amounts can be harmful to oral health.
Lemon is a fresh fruit that is usually not eaten whole but eaten in slices, or added to food and drinks because of their special flavor.
They are a good source of vitamin C, soluble fiber and plant compounds, all of which have health benefits.
Finally, lemon is a healthy food and a great way to add flavor and aroma to the meal.