Today gluten is causing a lot of controversy.
Most sources claim that it is safe for everyone except those with celiac disease (digestive disorders that make the body unable to absorb fat).
On the other hand, some medical experts believe that gluten is harmful to most people.
According to a recent survey shows, Americans actively try to avoid gluten.
This article explains what gluten is, and how it can affect your health.
What is gluten?
Gluten is a family name the protein found in cereals such as wheat, rye, spelled wheat and barley.
Among the grains that contain gluten, wheat is by far the most consumed grain.
The two main proteins in gluten are glutenin and . Gliadine is responsible for causing most health harms
When flour is mixed with country , gluten proteins form a sticky plastic network with a glue-like consistency.
This glue-like property makes the water-mixed flour elastic, and provides bread with the ability to hatch when baked. It also creates a moderately tough texture .
Interestingly, the name of the glaze is derived from the glue-like properties of wet powder.
Crux: Gluten is a family of proteins found in grains such as wheat, spelled wheat, rye and barley. Gliadine and glutenin are the two main gluten proteins.
Why is gluten not good for some people?
Most humans are able to withstand gluten.
However, it can cause problems for people with certain medical conditions. This includes celiac disease, gluten allergy, wheat allergy and some other diseases .
, or coeliac, is the most serious form of gluten intolerance. It affects about 0.7-1% of the population .
This is an autoimmune disorder that involves the body treating gluten as an external invader. The immune system attacks the gluten as well as the intestinal mucosa .
This damage is intestinal, and can cause malnutrition, anemia, severe digestive problems and an increased risk of many diseases .
The most common symptoms of celiac disease are difficult digestion, damage to cell tissue in the small intestine, flatulence, diarrhea, constipation, headache, fatigue, skin rash, depression, weight loss and stools have a bad smell .
However, some people with celiac disease have no gastrointestinal symptoms, but may have other symptoms such as fatigue or anemia .
For this reason, celiac disease can be very difficult to diagnose. In fact, up to 80% of people with celiac disease do not know they have it .
Key thing: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes gluten to attack the body in the digestive system. This can cause serious digestive disorders and other health problems.
Sensitivity to gluten does not cause celiac disease.
There are many people who test positive for celiac disease, but still react negatively to gluten.
This condition is known as gluten sensitivity that does not cause celiac disease.
We do not know how many people suffer from this disease, but it is estimated to be 0.5-13% .
Symptoms of gluten sensitivity include diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, flatulence and depression.
There is no clear definition of gluten sensitivity that does not cause celiac disease, but the diagnosis is made when a patient has a negative reaction to gluten, in which celiac disease and celiac allergy are excluded. .
However, some experts believe that this is not a real disease. They think that side effects are caused by imagination or caused by other substances, not gluten.
One study observed nearly 400 people about self-diagnosing gluten intolerance and studied whether they could improve their gluten-free diet .
The results showed that only 26 people had celiac disease, while two people were allergic to wheat. Only 27 of the remaining 364 people were diagnosed with gluten sensitivity.
That means that out of 400 people think they can't tolerate gluten only 55 people (14.5%) really have problems with gluten.
Therefore, many people think that they have gluten intolerance that actually has other causes of their symptoms.
Key thing: Many people react negatively to gluten but do not have celiac disease. The condition called sensitivity to non-celiac gluten is controversial.
Irritable bowel syndrome, allergy to wheat and other diseases
(IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder that causes symptoms such as abdominal pain, cramps, flatulence and diarrhea .
It is a chronic disorder, but many people can tame their symptoms with diet, lifestyle changes and stress control.
Interestingly, studies have shown that some people with IBS may benefit from a gluten-free diet .
For about 1% of the population, Can cause digestive problems after consuming gluten .
Moreover, studies have shown that a gluten-free diet may benefit some people with b autism and a disease called .
Key thing: Gluten can cause problems for people with irritable bowel syndrome and wheat allergy. People with schizophrenia, autism and ataxia gluten may also benefit from a gluten-free diet.
How to know if you have gluten intolerance
The discomfort of digestion is the most common sign of gluten intolerance. You may also be anemic or difficult weight gain .
To find out what causes your discomfort, first ask your doctor to check if you have celiac disease.
There are two main ways to see if you have celiac disease :
- Blood tests: There are several types of blood tests used to test antibodies. One of the most popular types called . If it gives a positive result, it is usually recommended to have a tissue biopsy to confirm the result.
- Biopsy from the small intestine: A medical professional will take a small sample of tissue from the small intestine for analysis.
If you think you may have celiac disease, consult your doctor before trying a gluten-free diet. This makes it easier to accurately diagnose.
If you don't have celiac disease, the best way to find out if you're sensitive to gluten is to follow a strict diet for several weeks to see if your symptoms improve.
After that, you will have to bring gluten back to your diet and see if symptoms return.
If your symptoms don't improve when you eat a gluten-free diet, it's not bad to eat gluten again, then the culprit must be something else.
Crux: If you think you have a negative reaction to gluten, you should consult your doctor to see if you have celiac disease. Otherwise, a gluten-free diet can help determine if you really have gluten intolerance.
FODMAPs can also cause digestive problems
FODMAPs are these carbohydrates Short chains found in many foods, including wheat.
Many people cannot digest them, which can cause different gastrointestinal symptoms .
In fact, there is some evidence that many "sensitive to gluten" are actually susceptible to FODMAPs and not gluten .
A study of 37 gluten-sensitive people gave participants a low-FODMAP diet and reduced symptoms. Participants who were then given gluten were isolated, resulting in it not affecting gastrointestinal symptoms .
This indicates that FODMAPs may be the real culprit for many people who think they have a negative reaction to gluten.
Key thing: FODMAPs are short-chain carbohydrates found in many foods, including wheat. They can be the real culprit for many people who think they react negatively to gluten.
What foods have high gluten content?
The most common sources of gluten are:
- Spelled wheat
- Grain cake
- Types of cakes
Wheat is also added to all processed foods. If you want to avoid gluten, then you should start reading food labels.
Key thing: The most common dietary gluten sources are wheat, spelled wheat, rye, barley, bread, pasta, cereals and baked products.
How to get a safe gluten-free diet
Starting a gluten-free diet can be difficult.
The first thing you need to do is start reading information about everything you eat.
You will soon realize that gluten, especially wheat, is added to quite a variety of foods.
You should also eat mostly these Unrefined and healthy food because most of them are gluten-free. Avoid processed foods, whole grain cereals and gluten cereals.
Cereals are gluten-free
There are several types of cereals and natural grains that are gluten-free. Include:
- Quinoa seeds
However, while oats do not contain gluten, they can get gluten. Therefore, only oats should be consumed when there are gluten-free labels on the product .
There are many gluten-free natural health foods that are gluten-free, including:
- Fish and seafood
- Milk Products
- Pea's tree
- Fat like oil and butter
- Herbs and spices
As a general rule, it is better to choose natural gluten-free food instead of gluten-free processed products. These products tend to be nutrient poor and have a concentration Street or highly refined grains.
Most drinks are also gluten-free, except beer (unless it is labeled as gluten-free).
Bottom Line: There are many natural foods and cereals that are gluten-free. What we need to do is try to choose pure, healthy foods.
Should anyone stay away from gluten?
For most people, avoiding gluten is unnecessary.
However, for people with certain health conditions, eliminating gluten from the diet can make a huge difference.
Moreover, trying a new diet is usually harmless. Any nutrient in cereals containing gluten is also available in other foods.
Just make sure you choose the right healthy food. Sometimes unbelievable information on product labels.
Food waste without gluten is still garbage food.