Strawberry fruit is known for its scientific name Fragaria ananassa , originated from Europe from the late 18th century.
This fruit is crossed between two wild forest mulberry species from North America and Chile.
Strawberries are bright red, succulent, characteristic aromas and sweet flavors.
Strawberries are an excellent source of vitamin C and manganese, in addition to a significant amount of folate (B9) and potassium.
Strawberry is rich in antioxidants and plant compounds that are beneficial for cardiovascular health and help control blood sugar .
Strawberry is usually eaten directly when fresh, but it is also used to make jams, jellies, desserts and food flavorings.
This is a picture of a strawberry:
The main ingredient of strawberries is water (91%) and carbohydrate (7.7%). The remaining is a very small amount of fat (0.3%) and the protein (0.7%).
150 grams of strawberries contain no more than 50 calories .
The table below contains information about the main nutrients in strawberries .
Nutritional composition of strawberries
Cabon hydrate (Carb)
Fresh strawberries have a content country Very high, so their carb content is very low (150 grams of strawberry contains less than 12 grams of carb).
Most carbs in strawberries are simple sugars like glucose, fructose and sucrose, but they also have enough fiber.
In 100 grams of strawberries contain less than 6 grams of digested cabon hydrate
Strawberry has quite low is 40 .
This means strawberries will not alter sudden blood sugar levels and are considered safe for people with diabetes
About 26% of the carb content in strawberries is in fiber form.
150 grams of strawberries provides 3 grams of soluble and insoluble fiber.
Fiber plays an important role in nourishing intestinal bacteria and improving the digestive system. This fruit also supports weight loss, and helps prevent many diseases .
Conclude: Strawberry hydrate is mainly in fiber and simple sugar. The West has a relatively low blood sugar index and does not cause a lot of blood sugar changes.
Vitamins and minerals
Here are the vitamins and minerals found in strawberries.
- Vitamin C: Strawberry provides a lot of vitamin C - an antioxidant that is important for the immune system and skin .
- Mangan: Common in whole grains, beans, fruits and vegetables, is an important trace element for many processes in the body .
- Folate (B9): A B-type vitamin needed for normal tissue growth and cell activity. Folate is especially important for pregnant women and the elderly .
- Potassium: minerals participate in many important activities in the body, such as regulating blood pressure
Strawberries also contain iron, copper, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamin B6, vitamin K and vitamin E even if only a very small amount.
Conclude: Strawberries are an abundant source of vitamin C, manganese, folate (B9) and potassium, which also contain a small amount of other vitamins and minerals.
Other plant compounds
In strawberries there are many beneficial antioxidants and plant compounds.
- Pelargonidin: Compounds main in strawberry and ants for red strawberries .
- Ellagic Acid: High in strawberry, ellagic acid is a polyphenol antioxidant that has many health benefits .
- Ellagitannin: related to ellagic acid, ellagitannin is converted to ellagic acid in the intestine .
- Procyanidin: Antioxidants, commonly found in mulberry and mulberry seeds, are beneficial for health .
Conclude: Strawberries contain a large amount of beneficial plant compounds and antioxidants like pelargonidin, ellagic acid, ellagitannin and procyanidin.
More than 25 different anthocyanin types have been found in strawberries. Inside occupy the highest percentage .
Anthocyanin is an important substance that creates a bright color fruits and flower.
They are usually concentrated in the fruit crust, but berries (like strawberries) seem to have anthocyanins in meat.
Anthocyanin content is usually directly proportional to the color of the fruit, which increases sharply when the fruit ripens .
Eating anthocyanin-rich foods can bring many health benefits, especially cardiovascular health .
Conclude: Pelargonidin is the main anthocyanin found in strawberries, making the strawberry bright red. Anthocyanin may be beneficial for cardiovascular health.
Ellagitannin and ellagic acid
Strawberries are always considered to be supplies top, 2 to 11 times more content than other fruits .
Ellagitannin and ellagic acid are the main antioxidants in strawberries .
These substances are of interest to many people because they have many health benefits including fighting bacteria and preventing cancer .
The main ellagitannin in strawberries is .
Conclude: Ellagitannin and ellagic acid are powerful antioxidants found in strawberries. These substances are related to many health benefits.
Benefits of strawberries with health
Eating berries may reduce the risk of many chronic diseases .
Besides, eating strawberries can improve cardiovascular system, lower blood pressure and fight cancer.
Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death worldwide.
Studies have found a link between berries and improving cardiovascular health .
According to large studies that track thousands of people, eating berries may reduce the risk of death from heart disease .
According to a study in middle-aged people with symptoms of cardiovascular disease, berries can increase HDL cholesterol, lower blood pressure and improve platelet function .
Strawberries can also improve the condition of antioxidants in the blood, reduce oxidative imbalance, inhibit inflammation, improve vascular function, improve blood lipid levels and reduce the oxidation of LDL cholesterol. harm to health .
Recently, the effects of fortified strawberries with people with type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome have been studied extensively, mainly on overweight or obese people.
The main risk factors for disease, such as LDL cholesterol, inflammatory signs (reactive protein C) and oxidized LDL particles , has been recorded to significantly reduce after 4-12 weeks of supplementing these foods.
Conclude: Strawberries can reduce the risk of heart disease by improving cholesterol, lowering blood pressure, inflammation and limiting oxidative imbalance.
Adjust blood sugar
When carbon hydrate is digested, it is produced into simple sugars, then into the bloodstream.
As blood sugar rises, the body begins to release insulin, allowing cells to take sugar from the blood and use it for fuel or storage.
An imbalance in controlling blood sugar, or a diet rich in blood sugar, can lead to an increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease .
Compared to a carbohydrate-rich meal without strawberries, it seems that strawberry supplementation may slow glucose digestion, limit the sudden increase in glucose and insulin after a meal rich in carbon hydrate .
This suggests that strawberries are particularly effective in preventing metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.
Conclude: Strawberries can slow down carb digestion and limit the spike in blood sugar and insulin levels.
Prevention of cancer
Cancer is a serious disease with characteristic symptoms that are uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, beyond their normal limits.
The formation and development of cancer is often associated with oxidative imbalance and chronic inflammation .
Some studies have shown that berries can help prevent certain types of cancer through their ability to fight oxidative imbalance and inflammation .
Strawberries have been shown to limit tumor formation in animals with oral cancer and human liver cancer cells .
These effects of strawberries can come from ellagic and ellagitannin acids, which have been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth .
We still need to do more research on people to improve our understanding of the effects of strawberries on cancer.
Conclude: Studies in animals and in the laboratory have shown that strawberries can help fight some cancers.
Although strawberries are usually tolerated easily, allergies are also common.
Strawberries are grown in a protected environment (such as greenhouses), which may contain more pesticide residues than strawberries grown outdoors .
Allergies to strawberries
Strawberry allergies are quite common, especially in young children.
Strawberry contains a protein that can cross-react and cause some symptoms in people sensitive to pollen or apples, this type of allergy is called .
Common symptoms include itching or itching in the mouth, rash, headache, swelling of the lips, face, tongue and throat, more severe than breathing problems .
Allergic proteins are thought to be related to red anthocyanins. White or colorless strawberries are usually better tolerated by allergy sufferers .
Bottom line: Strawberry allergies are quite common, especially in children. People who are sensitive to pollen or allergic to apples may experience allergy symptoms after eating strawberries.
Strawberries are low-calorie, delicious and healthy fruits.
This is a source of many vitamins, minerals and plant compounds, including some very good for health.
Health benefits include lowering blood pressure, lowering cholesterol, inflammation, oxidative imbalance and cancer prevention.
Furthermore, strawberries can help prevent a sudden increase in blood sugar and insulin levels.
Strawberries are a great supplement for a healthy diet.